jQuery插件Ajax 导步上传文件

PHPABC JQuery 1,145 次浏览 , , 没有评论

文件上传操作,是开发常见的需求功能,PHP上传文件时,只能用$_FILES形式,但是若我们只是单一的用JS方式取其ID,如

<input id='img' type='file' />..document.getElementById('img').value

或者jquery形式 的$(“#img”)都是不能真正做到实际上传的.可是功能上又要要求实现所谓的“异步上传”,怎么办呢?只能借助于第三方的组件,或者自己写一个。但自己不想去亲自动手写一个话,那就用第三方的,这里有一个不错的jQuery的Ajax文件上传的组件,是 jQuery.fileupload.js 。

操作步骤:

1、首先引入jQuery.js库文件及jQuery.fileupload.js.

 
jQuery.extend({
 
 
    createUploadIframe: function(id, uri)
	{
			//create frame
            var frameId = 'jUploadFrame' + id;
 
            if(window.ActiveXObject) {
                var io = document.createElement('<iframe id="' + frameId + '" name="' + frameId + '" />');
                if(typeof uri== 'boolean'){
                    io.src = 'javascript:false';
                }
                else if(typeof uri== 'string'){
                    io.src = uri;
                }
            }
            else {
                var io = document.createElement('iframe');
                io.id = frameId;
                io.name = frameId;
            }
            io.style.position = 'absolute';
            io.style.top = '-1000px';
            io.style.left = '-1000px';
 
            document.body.appendChild(io);
 
            return io			
    },
    createUploadForm: function(id, fileElementId)
	{
		//create form	
		var formId = 'jUploadForm' + id;
		var fileId = 'jUploadFile' + id;
		var form = $('<form  action="" method="POST" name="' + formId + '" id="' + formId + '" enctype="multipart/form-data"></form>');	
		var oldElement = $('#' + fileElementId);
		var newElement = $(oldElement).clone();
		$(oldElement).attr('id', fileId);
		$(oldElement).before(newElement);
		$(oldElement).appendTo(form);
		//set attributes
		$(form).css('position', 'absolute');
		$(form).css('top', '-1200px');
		$(form).css('left', '-1200px');
		$(form).appendTo('body');		
		return form;
    },
 
    ajaxFileUpload: function(s) {
        // TODO introduce global settings, allowing the client to modify them for all requests, not only timeout		
        s = jQuery.extend({}, jQuery.ajaxSettings, s);
        var id = new Date().getTime()        
		var form = jQuery.createUploadForm(id, s.fileElementId);
		var io = jQuery.createUploadIframe(id, s.secureuri);
		var frameId = 'jUploadFrame' + id;
		var formId = 'jUploadForm' + id;		
        // Watch for a new set of requests
        if ( s.global && ! jQuery.active++ )
		{
			jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxStart" );
		}            
        var requestDone = false;
        // Create the request object
        var xml = {}   
        if ( s.global )
            jQuery.event.trigger("ajaxSend", [xml, s]);
        // Wait for a response to come back
        var uploadCallback = function(isTimeout)
		{			
			var io = document.getElementById(frameId);
            try 
			{				
				if(io.contentWindow)
				{
					 xml.responseText = io.contentWindow.document.body?io.contentWindow.document.body.innerHTML:null;
                	 xml.responseXML = io.contentWindow.document.XMLDocument?io.contentWindow.document.XMLDocument:io.contentWindow.document;
 
				}else if(io.contentDocument)
				{
					 xml.responseText = io.contentDocument.document.body?io.contentDocument.document.body.innerHTML:null;
                	xml.responseXML = io.contentDocument.document.XMLDocument?io.contentDocument.document.XMLDocument:io.contentDocument.document;
				}						
            }catch(e)
			{
				jQuery.handleError(s, xml, null, e);
			}
            if ( xml || isTimeout == "timeout") 
			{				
                requestDone = true;
                var status;
                try {
                    status = isTimeout != "timeout" ? "success" : "error";
                    // Make sure that the request was successful or notmodified
                    if ( status != "error" )
					{
                        // process the data (runs the xml through httpData regardless of callback)
                        var data = jQuery.uploadHttpData( xml, s.dataType );    
                        // If a local callback was specified, fire it and pass it the data
                        if ( s.success )
                            s.success( data, status );
 
                        // Fire the global callback
                        if( s.global )
                            jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxSuccess", [xml, s] );
                    } else
                        jQuery.handleError(s, xml, status);
                } catch(e) 
				{
                    status = "error";
                    jQuery.handleError(s, xml, status, e);
                }
 
                // The request was completed
                if( s.global )
                    jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxComplete", [xml, s] );
 
                // Handle the global AJAX counter
                if ( s.global && ! --jQuery.active )
                    jQuery.event.trigger( "ajaxStop" );
 
                // Process result
                if ( s.complete )
                    s.complete(xml, status);
 
                jQuery(io).unbind()
 
                setTimeout(function()
									{	try 
										{
											$(io).remove();
											$(form).remove();	
 
										} catch(e) 
										{
											jQuery.handleError(s, xml, null, e);
										}									
 
									}, 100)
 
                xml = null
 
            }
        }
        // Timeout checker
        if ( s.timeout > 0 ) 
		{
            setTimeout(function(){
                // Check to see if the request is still happening
                if( !requestDone ) uploadCallback( "timeout" );
            }, s.timeout);
        }
        try 
		{
           // var io = $('#' + frameId);
			var form = $('#' + formId);
			$(form).attr('action', s.url);
			$(form).attr('method', 'POST');
			$(form).attr('target', frameId);
            if(form.encoding)
			{
                form.encoding = 'multipart/form-data';				
            }
            else
			{				
                form.enctype = 'multipart/form-data';
            }			
            $(form).submit();
 
        } catch(e) 
		{			
            jQuery.handleError(s, xml, null, e);
        }
        if(window.attachEvent){
            document.getElementById(frameId).attachEvent('onload', uploadCallback);
        }
        else{
            document.getElementById(frameId).addEventListener('load', uploadCallback, false);
        } 		
        return {abort: function () {}};	
 
    },
 
    uploadHttpData: function( r, type ) {
        var data = !type;
        data = type == "xml" || data ? r.responseXML : r.responseText;
        // If the type is "script", eval it in global context
        if ( type == "script" )
            jQuery.globalEval( data );
        // Get the JavaScript object, if JSON is used.
        if ( type == "json" )
            eval( "data = " + data );
        // evaluate scripts within html
        if ( type == "html" )
            jQuery("<div>").html(data).evalScripts();
			//alert($('param', data).each(function(){alert($(this).attr('value'));}));
        return data;
    }
})

2、模板文件主要代码:

<form action="" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="file" name="fileToUpload"  id="fileToUpload"/>
<input type="button" value="上传" onclick="return ajaxFileUpload();" />
</form>
 
<script language="javascript">
function ajaxFileUpload(){
$.ajaxFileUpload({
url:'服务端上传处理文件',
secureuri:false,
fileElementId:'fileToUpload',
dataType: 'json',
success: function (data, status){
if(data.flag == 1){
alert("上传成功!");
}else{
alert("上传失败!");
}
},
error: function (data, status, e){
alert(e);
}
})
return false;
}
</script>

3、服务端的上传文件代码,我就不列出来了,网上一搜,也挺多的!反正最后输出一个数组,并用json_encode($arr)序列化输出.如我的是:

$results = array('flag'=>$flag);        //$flag是上传后,返回的逻辑值(1=>成功,0=>失败)
echo json_encode($results);
exit;

OK,到此基本就可以测试了.

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