ng-options用法详解

PHPABC angularjs 853 次浏览 , 没有评论

ng-options属性可以在表达式中使用数组或对象来自动生成一个select中的option列表。ng-options与ng-repeat很相似,很多时候可以用ng-repeat来代替ng-options。但是ng-options提供了一些好处,例如减少内存提高速度,以及提供选择框的选项来让用户选择。当select中一个选项被选择,该选项将会被绑定到ng-model。如果你想设一个默认值,可以像这样:$scope.selected = $scope.collection[3]。

之前一直在用ng-repeat就见到过track by,没有去了解它的用法,这次了解了一下。track by主要是防止值有重复,angularjs会报错。因为angularjs需要一个唯一值来与生成的dom绑定,以方便追踪数据。例如:items=[“a”,“a”,“b”],这样ng-repeat=“item in items”就会出错,而用ng-repeat=“(key,value) in items track by key”就不会出现错误了。

ng-options一般有以下用法:

对于数组:

     label for value in array
     select as label for value in array
     label group by group for value in array
     label disable when disable for value in array
     label group by group for value in array track by trackexpr
     label disable when disable for value in array track by trackexpr
     label for value in array | orderBy:orderexpr track by trackexpr(for including a filter with track by)

对于对象:

     label for (key , value) in object
     select as label for (key ,value) in object
     label group by group for (key,value) in object
     label disable when disable for (key, value) in object
     select as label group by group for(key, value) in object
     select as label disable when disable for (key, value) in object

一个简单的例子:

<script>
angular.module('selectExample', [])
  .controller('ExampleController', ['$scope', function($scope) {
    $scope.colors = [
      {name:'black', shade:'dark'},
      {name:'white', shade:'light', notAnOption: true},
      {name:'red', shade:'dark'},
      {name:'blue', shade:'dark', notAnOption: true},
      {name:'yellow', shade:'light', notAnOption: false}
    ];
    $scope.myColor = $scope.colors[2]; // red
  }]);
</script>
<div ng-controller="ExampleController">
  <ul>
    <li ng-repeat="color in colors">
      <label>Name: <input ng-model="color.name"></label>
      <label><input type="checkbox" ng-model="color.notAnOption"> Disabled?</label>
      <button ng-click="colors.splice($index, 1)" aria-label="Remove">X</button>
    </li>
    <li>
      <button ng-click="colors.push({})">add</button>
    </li>
  </ul>
  <hr/>
  <label>Color (null not allowed):
    <select ng-model="myColor" ng-options="color.name for color in colors"></select>
  </label><br/>
  <label>Color (null allowed):
  <span  class="nullable">
    <select ng-model="myColor" ng-options="color.name for color in colors">
      <option value="">-- choose color --</option>
    </select>
  </span></label><br/>
 
  <label>Color grouped by shade:
    <select ng-model="myColor" ng-options="color.name group by color.shade for color in colors">
    </select>
  </label><br/>
 
  <label>Color grouped by shade, with some disabled:
    <select ng-model="myColor"
          ng-options="color.name group by color.shade disable when color.notAnOption for color in colors">
    </select>
  </label><br/>
 
  Select <button ng-click="myColor = { name:'not in list', shade: 'other' }">bogus</button>.
  <br/>
  <hr/>
  Currently selected: {{ {selected_color:myColor} }}
  <div style="border:solid 1px black; height:20px"
       ng-style="{'background-color':myColor.name}">
  </div>
</div>

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