在 FreeBSD 10.0 上安装和配置 Nginx+PHP+APC+MySQL

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在 FreeBSD 下安装软件的传统方法是用 ports 源码安装,不过使用 ports 源码编译安装太耗时(尤其是各种库依赖多、大的时候),个人还是喜欢 pkg 这种软件包管理工具直接安装编译好的二进制软件包,不用自己编译,省时省力。

和 Linux 一样,FreeBSD 也能一行命令解决所有安装和软件包依赖问题(下面的输出要比 apt-get/yum 来的清新舒服吧~):

# pkg install nginx php55 php55-extensions pecl-APC mysql56-server
Updating repository catalogue
The following 23 packages will be installed:
 
	Installing nginx: 1.4.7,1
	Installing php5-session: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-xmlwriter: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-dom: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-xml: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-simplexml: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-ctype: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-posix: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-hash: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-filter: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-tokenizer: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-json: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-sqlite3: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-pdo: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-iconv: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-phar: 5.4.26
	Installing pecl-APC: 3.1.14_1
	Installing php5-xmlreader: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-pdo_sqlite: 5.4.26
	Installing php5-extensions: 1.7
	Installing mysql56-client: 5.6.16_1
	Installing mysql56-server: 5.6.16
 
The installation will require 149 MB more space
 
14 MB to be downloaded
 
Proceed with installing packages [y/N]: y

安装完后把服务加到系统启动文件里:

# vi /etc/rc.conf
...
nginx_enable="YES"
php_fpm_enable="YES"
mysql_enable="YES"

配置 MySQL:

# vi /usr/local/etc/my.cnf
[mysqld]
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
 
skip-networking
skip-name-resolve
 
# service mysql-server start
 
# /usr/local/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'password'

配置 PHP 和 PHP-FPM,这里不需要配啥,默认的配置就行:

# cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini-production /usr/local/etc/php.ini
 
# vi /usr/local/etc/php.ini
# vi /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf
 
# service php-fpm start

配置 APC:

# echo 'apc.enabled="1"' >> /usr/local/etc/php.ini
# echo 'apc.shm_size="32M"' >> /usr/local/etc/php.ini
# service php-fpm restart

配置 Nginx:

# vi /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user  www;
worker_processes  1;
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
 
    sendfile        on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
 
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
 
        location / {
            root   /usr/local/www/nginx;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }
 
        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/local/www/nginx-dist;
        }
 
        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
            root   /usr/local/www/nginx;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }
    }
}
 
# service nginx start

写个 phpinfo() 页面测试一下 Nginx/PHP/PHP-FPM/APC 组合是否能正常工作。如果一切正常的话访问 http://localhost/info.php 能看到 PHP 环境详细信息:

# vi /usr/local/www/nginx/info.php
<?php phpinfo(); ?>

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