Windows遇到关键问题将在一分钟后重启

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今天域控服务器一直报错(Windows遇到关键问题将在一分钟后重启)然后自动重启,看了下事件查看器和CBSlog,日志文件中有很多如下报错信息

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 0000068f [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:64{32},l:62{31}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\com\dmp” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-ComPlus-Runtime, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000690 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:54{27}]”\??\C:\Windows\Registration” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-ComPlus-Runtime, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000691 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:68{34}]”\??\C:\Windows\Registration\CRMLog” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-ComPlus-Runtime, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000692 Ignoring duplicate ownership for directory [l:54{27}]”\??\C:\Windows\Registration” in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-ComPlus-Runtime, Version = 6.3.9600.17415, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000693 Ignoring duplicate ownership for directory [l:68{34}]”\??\C:\Windows\Registration\CRMLog” in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-ComPlus-Runtime, Version = 6.3.9600.17415, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000694 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:68{34},l:66{33}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\IME\IMEJP” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000695 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:48{24}]”\??\C:\Windows\IME\IMEJP” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000696 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:60{30}]”\??\C:\Windows\IME\IMEJP\DICTS” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000697 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:84{42},l:82{41}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\IME\IMEJP\applets” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000698 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:58{29}]”\??\C:\Windows\IME\IMEJP\help” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 00000699 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:70{35},l:68{34}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\IME\shared” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:32, Info CSI 0000069a Ignoring duplicate ownership for directory [l:68{34}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\IME\shared” in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-Japanese-Core, Version = 6.3.9600.19358, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:33, Info CSI 0000069b [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:78{39},l:76{38}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\IME\shared\res” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Desktop_Technologies-Text_Input_Services-IME-EAShared-IMEPad, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:34, Info CSI 0000069c [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:60{30},l:58{29}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\Msdtc” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-COM-DTC-Runtime, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:34, Info CSI 0000069d [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:130{65},l:128{64}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Modules\DnsClient” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-DNS-Client-WMIv2Provider, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:34, Info CSI 0000069e Ignoring duplicate ownership for directory [l:128{64}]”\??\C:\Windows\SysWOW64\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Modules\DnsClient” in component Microsoft-Windows-DNS-Client-WMIv2Provider, Version = 6.3.9600.17415, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:34, Info CSI 0000069f [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:46{23}]”\??\C:\Windows\Inf\BITS” is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Bits-Perf, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

2022-03-25 11:01:34, Info CSI 000006a0 [DIRSD OWNER WARNING] Directory [ml:520{260},l:56{28}]”\??\C:\Windows\Inf\BITS\0000″ is not owned but specifies SDDL in component Microsoft-Windows-Bits-Perf, pA = PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_IA32_ON_WIN64 (10), Culture neutral, VersionScope = 1 nonSxS, PublicKeyToken = {l:8 b:31bf3856ad364e35}, Type neutral, TypeName neutral, PublicKey neutral

最后尝试用如下命令完成修复。

Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
DISM /Online /Cleanup-image /RestoreHealth

三条命令的作用分别是:
1.扫描全部系统文件和系统映像文件是否与官方版一致(无论你是否备份或制作过系统映像)。
2.检查文件的损坏程度,结果一般有两种:一般性损坏可以修复和情况严重完全无法修复。是前者的话,我们可以用命令3 修复,检查结果是后者的话,除了重装系统外,没有太好的办法解决。
3.联网将系统映像文件中与官方文件不相同的文件还原成官方系统的源文件,系统中安装的软件和用户设置保留不变,比重装系统要好得多,而且在修复时系统未损坏部分可以正常运行,不耽误大家手头上的事情。

检查过程中如提示要重启可以尝试用 shutdown -a 命令终止关机。

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